Chiropractic care has long been associated with wellness care.
The chiropractic principle is based on a functional entity called the "Vertebral Subluxation Complex". This is a condition where the malfunction of the spinal joints creates a malfunction of the nervous system, whereby the nervous system's ability to control and coordinate the different body processes, including motor control, sensation, and circulatory and autonomic regulation, is adversely affected. In layman's terms, the "subluxation" is when the spinal joints don't work causing the body's control system to go haywire, making it possible for all sorts body functions to not work properly.
The originator of Chiropractic, Dr. D. D. Palmer, wrote that "subluxations were caused by physical trauma, chemical toxicity, and psychological effects". Dr. Palmer was one of the first authors to recognize the importance of the Mind-Body connection.
Chiropractic adjustments may correct the spinal malfunction, but the chiropractor must also look at the patient holistically to determine where the trauma, toxicity and mental stress are coming from, and assist the patient in their avoidance.
Because of this principle, chiropractors believe that it is important for everyone to maintain a healthy spine with good spinal function. Periodic "maintenance" adjustments and regular spinal hygiene behaviours are recommended, much like your dentist expects periodic visits to maintain healthy teeth, as well as daily oral hygiene practices.
However, simply adjusting the spine over and over again cannot be considered wellness care without the chiropractor looking at a person's whole lifestyle, to identify the sources of the problem and its perpetuation, and assist the patient in eliminating them. The chiropractic adjustment is a powerful tool in providing wellness care, but it is only a part of the big picture of a healthy lifestyle.